IRI convened over 40 local officials from across Ecuador to discuss transparency priorities and create action plans.
After a decade in which corruption in Ecuador reached new heights, the local elections of 2019 brought a new opportunity for genuine reform. However, most of these new government officials lacked the skills and experience to implement much-needed steps toward accountability and transparency.
To support Ecuador on its path to democracy, IRI helps local officials identify transparency challenges and create action plans while empowering citizens to advocate for their transparency demands. In the autumn of 2019, the Institute hosted the “Local Transparent Governments Conference: Strengthening Democracy and Good Governance” in Quito, where national and local level representatives convened to exchange best practices and use lessons learned to create action plans.
The electoral process in Panama not only means the exercising of a right and civic duty, but also represents reform. It was through elections that the Panamanian people dismissed a dictatorship and paved the way for the democratic era in which they currently live. After 30 years of living in a democracy, the 2019 elections require the same — if not a higher — level of responsibility and commitment on the part of the Panamanian people to achieve the many reforms that the state demands of institutions following the multiple corruption scandals that the country has faced in recent years.
On March 24, Ecuadorians will vote in subnational elections that will set the stage for presidential and legislative elections in 2021. The 2019 results will determine whether Ecuador will remain a key American ally in a volatile hemisphere or return to its past.
The French President’s Labor Reforms are Necessary, but Outpacing Employment Safeguards
In late March 2018, French rail workers went on a nationwide strike, causing massive delays in the country’s subway systems. Hordes of Parisian commuters could be seen exiting over-crowded cars as they returned from work hours late. And yet, this is just one of many protests in the past few months from civil servants and union members alike in France. Since passing labor reforms in August 2017, the romanticized popularity of President Emmanuel Macron has been thrown for a loop. Although he was elected by a wide margin, thousands have opposed the lack of job-for-life guarantees and meager retirement benefit plans of his more flexible labor laws. Yet this uptick in protests does not necessarily mean that reforms have been unsuccessful. On the contrary, his efforts to overhaul the indecipherably complex French labor code are overdue, and already improving growth. Employee and benefit cuts are expected to immediately accompany these newest reforms and improve national productivity, profit, and innovation. However, the National Assembly must also improve unemployment programs to ensure fair firing practices and improve long-term economic stability.
A notoriously thick red book symbolic of France’s historical socialist republic, the Code du Travail is lauded by unions but loathed by employers. France’s largest unions see the 3,324 page code as key to protecting employees from exploitation since 1910. Yet employers are often paralyzed by the Code’s dirigisme (regulatory interventionism), which demands a costly process to hire and fire employees. Modern companies see these conditions as partly responsible for the Euro’s moderate performance, France’s stagnant GDP, and its consistently high 10% unemployment rate. Youth unemployment rates are even higher, long standing near 25%. Macron took on labor reform last August as a way of revitalizing the French economy, successfully passing a bill that overhauls exceedingly rigid restrictions. …
But while business is booming – and desperately needs to – Macron has yet to uphold the second part of the overhaul bargain.
Famously lauded as an exception to trends of overall political instability in Central America, Costa Rica has presented an enduring model of socially democratic peace for the region. The country is the area’s longest-standing democracy since it famously decided to abolish its military under the 1949 Constitution to invest in social services such as universal education and healthcare. Since then, it has come to be seen as a landmark of environmental stewardship, a beacon of prosperity to neighboring immigrants, and – with its Pura Vida (pure life) mentality – one of the happiest countries on earth. It is because of this tradition of remarkable democracy, peace, and social wellbeing that many have referred to Costa Rica as politically exceptional, especially in comparison to its neighbors’ history of civil unrest.
But the country’s recent history reveals quite the opposite. In recent years, Costa Rica has become just as prone to divisive political and economic trends as the rest of the world.
At least three are dead and 30 injured after a truck rammed through a crowd in the North-Rhine Westphalia town of Münster, Germany on Saturday. The incident took place at Grosser Kiepenkerl, a popular restaurant near the center of the city’s old town. According to eyewitnesses and local authorities, the driver, a German citizen, ran full speed over a sidewalk where a crowd of diners was eating before shooting himself dead. Police are not considering other suspects at this time, and have closed off the site while emergency services work.
Senior security officials said it was too early to call the crash an act of terrorism, but were taking response measures as if it were. They remarked the tragedy is particularly unfortunate, as the regional police union has so far been able to foil and prevent other planned attacks in the area. Germany has been on high alert for two years due to a string of terrorist activity across Europe. The country’s last such incident was in December 2016, when a rejected Tunisian asylum seeker drove into a Berlin Christmas market.
The governor of the Russian region of Kemerovo, Aman Tuleyev, has resigned amidst a shopping mall fire that killed dozens. The Winter Cherry shopping center went up in flames last week after alleged safety failings, particularly broken fire alarms and unresponsive security guards. Over 60 people were killed, 41 of them children, using entertainment facilities such as theaters at the top of the building whose doors were supposedly locked. Thousands of protestors took to the streets in the aftermath of the tragedy, blaming the incident on political corruption and governmental incompetence.
In his final video address to the region, Tuleyev, whose niece was one of the victims, referred to stepping aside as “the right, conscious, and only true decision.” President Vladimir Putin previously met with him, blaming the act on “criminal negligence”, but abstained from firing Mr. Tuleyev as the Kremlin is able to do. However under immense pubic pressure, experts speculatethat the Kremlin indirectly forced Mr. Tuleyev out so as to calm community outrage without giving the impression that the office can be swayed by public opinion. Mr. Tuleyev’s has been governor of the Siberian region since 1997.
Former Catalan President Carles Puigdemont has been detained by German police acting on a European arrest warrant for his return to Spain. The ex-leader is wanted for sedition and rebellion after his separatist region of Catalonia unilaterally declared independence in October following what Madrid calls an illegal referendum. While Puigdemont has been living in Brussels in self-imposed exile since then, the formal warrant for his arrest was only drawn up in December and just reissued Friday. It comes along with those of 25 other Catalan leaders, sparking massive protests in Barcelona.
Puigdemont was in Helsinki, Finland at the time it was announced, but evaded authorities by slipping out of the country early. The activist was attempting to return to Belgium Sunday when he was caught crossing the Danish border into northern Germany. His warrant is one of many legal setbacks to the independence movement, which has lost momentum in recent months due to the arrests of many top activists. It has the potential to permanently extradite Puigdemont and kill the movement, which has been hoping for but has yet to receive international backing from his exile.
Russian president Vladimir Putin claimed reelection victory on March 18 in unsurprising results for a noncompetitive election. Official numbers credit him with over 75% of the vote, easily securing the autocrat another six years in office. This recent victory essentially guarantees that Putin with oversee the country for a total of 25 years, making him the only other Russian leader to rule for more than two decades besides dictator Joseph Stalin.
With several unviable opponents, Moscow attempted to increase turnout to indicate the legitimacy of its ‘democracy’ to the outside world. Get-out-the-vote campaigns included selfie competition raffles for iPhones and cars. Hard-to-find food products were placed as incentives for voting at polling places. Bosses threatened termination if employees abstained from voting. And it may have worked: turnout increased from 65% in the 2012 elections to 70% in 2018. At the same time, Golos, an independent election monitoring group, has cited multiple counts of election fraud, including ballot stuffing and blocking security cameras. Nonetheless, the Russian Election Commission has declared the polls valid.
Regardless, the real controversies are not necessarily the conditions of this election, but the upcoming one. …
Thousands have taken to the streets of Rio de Janeiro to mourn Marielle Franco, a 38 year old City Councilor who campaigned against police brutality. She was shot dead returning from a black women’s empowerment event Wednesday. A former resident of Favela de Mare, one of Rio’s most violent slums, Ms. Franco was known for heavily criticizing President Michel Temer’s decision to deploy military forces to Brazil’s favelas to decrease violent crimes. His policy was announced in February after it was revealed the country experienced 2,125 violent deaths in the past year.